Dating websitescountry folk
From these and other archaeological indications it has been inferred that a class-structured and politically centralized society developed.
There appeared subsequently other large capital towns and cities in neighbouring regions that also displayed a similar Olmec art style.
These changes first appeared in the southern Gulf coast region of what is now Mexico; and the sculptures, rendered in a style now called Olmec, are presumed to depict chiefs or rulers.
This Olmec horizon (i.e., a cultural diffusion that is contemporaneous at widely scattered sites) represents the first climax, or era of “unification,” in the history of Mesoamerican civilization. Among these are the well-known Maya, Zapotec, Totonac, and Teotihuacán civilizations.
While sharing a common Olmec heritage, they also displayed many differences.
As such, Teotihuacán constituted a second grand civilizational climax or “unification” (400–600 ).
Teotihuacán power waned after about 600, and a “time of troubles” ensued, during which a number of states and nascent empires competed for supremacy.
The synchroneity of horizon unifications and alternating regionalizations in Mesoamerica and the Andean region is striking and prompts the question of communication between these two areas of pre-Columbian high civilization.